Atherosclerosis is the narrowing or hardening of arteries by fatty deposits.
Early disease could be totally without symptoms (asymptomatic).
Diagnosis of PAD is not difficult. First, your doctor will identify the symptoms and the medical history. Your lower limbs and pulse will be examined at various positions. Then, a clinical assessment of your feet and toes will take place. Through this, the ratio between highest ankle arterial pressure and brachial artery pressure (Ankle-Brachial Index) will be taken. A normal ratio would be >1.0, however, a narrowed lower limb artery will result in diminished Ankle-Brachial Index. Depending on the severity of the disease and other clinical findings, further investigations may be needed.
There are three goals of treatment:
A stent is a small metal coil that provides support to thenarrowed segment of the coronary artery after angioplasty.
What to expect?
What to prepare?
What is the success rate?
The success rate of coronary angioplasty is usually about 95%, depending on the nature of your coronary narrowing. However, in about 5% of cases, the procedure may be unsuccessful and the artery remains narrowed. In very few patients (about 1%), urgent bypass surgery may be required if the procedure is complicated.
What are the potential risks or complications?
How should you prepare for the surgery?
What happens during the surgery?
What happens after the surgery?
When should you call the doctor?