Neuro-Ophthalmic conditions include Optic Neuropathies and Eye Movement Disorders.
The optic nerve is the only nerve in the body that can be directly examined by a doctor. Similar to an electrical cable, it connects the eye to the brain, bringing visual information for processing.
It can be affected by:
Inflammation of the optic nerve can be due to infections, vaccination or autoimmune conditions.
Commonly known as “stroke of the optic nerve”, Ischemia occurs when the optic nerve receives inadequate blood supply and oxygen. It is commonly related to other vascular diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.
Compression of the optic nerve can be caused by benign or malignant tumours, blood vessels or enlargement of normal structures within the orbit.
Optic Neuropathies can present in one or more of the following ways:
Neuro-Ophthalmic problems tend to be more complex, requiring longer consultation and investigations. During the first visit to the clinic, patients can expect to spend up to two to three hours for consultation.
The following are treatment options for some Neuro-Ophthalmic conditions.