Lung Cancer, as the name suggests, happens when the cells lining the airways grow and divide without control, leading to the formation of an abnormal mass. It is a cancer that can develop over months to years, and patients may not see the warning signs until much later. There are two major types of Lung Cancer - Small Cell Lung Cancer and Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. About 85% to 90% of Lung Cancers are Non-small Cell Lung Cancers. The major differences between these two types of Lung Cancer are the size and shape of the cancer cell, forms of treatment and the speed at which the cancer spreads. Small cell Lung Cancer spreads more rapidly.
In the early stages, Lung Cancer does not usually cause any signs and symptoms. They usually appear when the cancer has reached more advanced stages.
There are a variety of factors that contribute to your risk of developing Lung Cancer. Certain factors can be suppressed by quitting smoking while other factors such as family history cannot be controlled.
A treatment plan will be developed to fit each patient's needs and may include one or a combination of the following treatments.