Turner Syndrome is a chromosomal condition first described by an American, Dr Henry Turner in 1938. It is characterised by the absence or poor function of the ovaries and short stature (considerably below average height for age and sex).
Girls usually have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 chromosomes in total) including a pair of sex chromosomes, XX. Girls with Turner Syndrome only have 45 chromosomes with one X chromosome or they may be missing part of an X chromosome. Turner Syndrome affects 1 in 2,500 live female births.1
Girls with Turner Syndrome are at an increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance and autoimmune conditions such as Coeliac Disease, Autoimmune Thyroid Disease or Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Turner Syndrome is a genetic disorder with a deletion of the whole or part of one X chromosome found in females.