Psychological dysfunction has been attributed to various descriptions of pain such as phantom limb pain, dyspareunia, orofacial pain, fibromyalgia, pelvic pain, and many others more, including abdominal pain, chest pain, and headache. Pain that has no anatomical distribution; the sensation of pain in non-injured territories; pain that appears out of proportion to the degree of injury; and also pain in the absence of injury have been described as symptoms. Assessors would need to consider any psychological disturbances that underlie each of the pain symptom.
Getting help is important to improve symptoms and restore function to daily living. Treatment choices include psychotherapy such as cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) or family therapy, appropriate antidepressant therapy and adequate pain management. CBT is recommended to address the added element of health anxiety and depression associated with chronic pain, as it teaches coping to tackle stress, shape beliefs and expectations about health. Specific antidepressants can alleviate pain symptoms and manage mood and anxiety symptoms.