Leukaemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, where blood cells are made. It causes an uncontrolled production of abnormal white blood cells, called Leukaemia cells. These cells do not function normally and over time, they crowd out the normal blood cells and usually lead to anaemia, bleeding and infections.
Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL)
Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML)
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukaemia (CMML)
Patients who have chronic Leukaemia may not experience any symptoms and their condition is usually detected from routine blood tests. However, for patients with acute Leukaemia, and patients with a worsening condition, symptoms may include:
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, the doctor will need to run some tests to find out what’s causing the problems. Your doctor may ask about your personal and family medical history.
Most Leukaemia patients do not have any identifiable risk. However, the more common risk factors include:
There are different treatments available for depending on the type of Leukaemia. Other factors include your age, your overall health, and your own preferences. The types of treatment that may be prescribed are as follows.