The endometrium is the tissue that lines the inside of the womb (uterus). During the menstrual cycle, it increases in thickness in preparation for pregnancy. If that does not occur, the lining is shed. The bleeding that occurs during its shedding is what is known as menses.
The most common symptoms of Endometriosis include:
Ultrasound scans, blood tests and internal examinations cannot conclusively diagnose Endometriosis. The only way to diagnose Endometriosis is by laparoscopy. This is an operation in which a telescope (a laparoscope) is inserted into the abdomen through a small cut in the belly button. This allows the surgeon to see the pelvic organs and identify any Endometriotic deposits and cysts.
Unfortunately, there is as yet a cure for the condition. However certain medical therapies or surgery can help. The type of treatment used depends on the age of the patient, her desire for future childbearing, and the severity of her symptoms.