In its early stages, macular degeneration may not have symptoms and may be unrecognised until it progresses or affects both eyes. The first sign of macular degeneration is usually blurred vision with a dim, blurry spot in the middle of your vision. This spot may get bigger or darker over time.
AMD can be detected in a routine eye exam. One of the most common early signs of macular degeneration is the presence of drusen -- tiny yellow deposits under the retina -- or pigment clumping. Your doctor can see these when examining the eyes. Your doctor may also ask you to look at an Amsler grid -- a pattern of straight lines that resemble a checkerboard. If some of the straight lines appear wavy, or you notice that some of the lines are missing, you could be experiencing early macular degeneration.
There is currently no cure for macular degeneration, but treatments may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression of the disease considerably. Several options are available, including: