Patient Care

Oesophagus Cancer

What is Oesophagus Cancer?

Cancer that occurs in the oesophagus - a hollow long tube that transfer the food from the throat to the stomach. The oesophagus and stomach are part of the upper gastrointestinal (digestive) system.

Oesophageal cancer usually begins in the cells lining the inside of the oesophagus before spreading outwards through the other layers as it grows.

The two most common forms of oesophageal cancer are:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma (Epidermoid carcinoma) - Squamous cells are thin, flat cells lining the oesophagus. This cancer is mostly found in the upper and middle part of the oesophagus, but can also occur anywhere along the oesophagus.
  • Adenocarcinoma - Glandular cells are secretory cells lining the oesophagus and they produce and release fluids such as mucus. This cancer usually starts in the lower part of the oesophagus, closer to the stomach.
What are the signs & symptoms of Oesophagus Cancer?

Symptoms of Oesophagus Cancer include:

  • Difficult swallowing
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Vomiting
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Occasional pain
  • Discomfort in the chest or back
How is Oesophagus Cancer diagnosed?

Oesophagus Cancer is typically diagnosed through:

  • Endoscopy
  • X-ray (barium swallow)
  • Biopsy
What are the treatment options for Oesophagus Cancer?

Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and radical oesophagogastrectomy surgery.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

You can search by -
  • Condition name 'Oesophagus Cancer' AND
  • Institution
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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
  • NUHS Diagnostics
  • NUHS Pharmacy
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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