Patient Care

Head Injuries

What are Head Injuries?

The common types of Head Injuries are intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), contusion and skull fractures.

Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is caused by damaged blood vessels and leads to bleeding within the brain. The bleeding can be minor or severe, which requires emergency surgery. Examples are epidural haematoma or subdural haematoma.

Contusion refers to a bruise of the brain tissue.

Skull fracture refers to the broken bone of the skull. Some fractures are depressed and results in deformity of the skull bone.


How are Head Injuries diagnosed?

Head Injuries are commonly diagnosed by:

  • Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan
What are the treatment options for Head Injuries?

An operation to open the skull bone flap to evacuate severe bleeding within the brain (intracranial haemorrhage).

Decompressive craniectomy

An operation to remove a large section of the skull bone flap. It is performed when extremely high pressure occurs within the brain (high intracranial pressure). After removing the skull bone flap, the brain can then be allowed to swell and expand.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

You can search by -
  • Condition name 'Head Injuries' AND
  • Institution
1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block, Singapore 119228
Last updated on
Best viewed with Chrome 79.0, Edge 112.0, Firefox 61.0, Safari 11
National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
  • NUHS Diagnostics
  • NUHS Pharmacy
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
Back to Top