CHD is an abnormality of the structure of the heart that exists at birth. It occurs when the heart or major blood vessels fail to develop or mature normally during the pregnancy.
The presenting features of CHD depend on the age of your child and the type of defect present.
Accurate diagnosis is necessary for the doctor to give appropriate treatment.
Antenatal (before a child is born) diagnosis is when a foetal cardiologist detects CHD during regular check-ups before the child is born. If this is the case, the plan of management and appropriate treatment can be fully discussed and agreed upon with the parents before labour.
After the child is born, when diagnosis is made soon after birth due to abnormalities detected in routine tests e.g.
In some cases, CHD may be life-threatening and must be surgically corrected
Defects involving the Great Arteries
Surgery: Arterial Switch Operation
The surgical team (paediatric cardiac surgeon and anaesthetist) will discuss the surgery at length with you. This includes the possible risks and benefits of the surgery.
If surgery has been recommended for your child, this means that the doctors have good reason to believe that the benefits of the surgical intervention outweigh its risks.
The major risks include:
Prior to your child’s discharge, he/she should be: