Patient Care

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

ODD is a persistent behavioural pattern of anger or irritability; argumentative, defiant behaviour toward authority figures; and vindictiveness lasting at least 6 months. In some children with ODD, these behaviours are only evident in one setting – usually at home. In more severe cases, they occur in multiple settings. For a diagnosis of ODD, the frequency and intensity of these behaviours must be outside the typical range for the child’s gender, culture and developmental level.

How is ODD diagnosed?

A diagnosis of ODD is provided if the individual shows at least four symptoms within the past 6 months.

  • Often loses temper
  • Is often touchy or easily annoyed
  • Is often angry and resentful
  • Often argues with authority figures or, for children and adolescents, with adults
  • Often actively defies or refuses to comply with requests from authority figures or rules
  • Often deliberately annoys others
  • Often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviours
  • Spiteful or vindictive at least twice within the past 6 months
What are the treatment options for ODD?

Children or adolescents with ODD often benefit from a range of treatment methods used in combination.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

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  • Condition name 'Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)' AND
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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
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  • Jurong Community Hospital
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  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
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  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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