Patient Care

Nasopharynx Cancer

What is Nasopharynx Cancer (NPC)?

In Singapore, the most common head and neck cancer is the NPC, which occurs at the junction of the back of the nose and the top of the throat (pharynx). This is a form of nose cancer.

There are approximately 300 new cases of NPC diagnosed each year and it is the sixth most common type of cancer in Singapore.

The cause of the disease is focused around three main factors - Epstein-Barr Viral Infection, ethnic & familial trends, as well as diet.

What are the signs & symptoms of NPC?

The majority of the NPC patients are detected at a late stage when patients present with lymph node enlargement in the neck. Other common presentations include blood stained sputum, nose bleeds, nose blockage, ear blockage, tinnitus (ringing sound in the ear) and hearing loss.

How is NPC diagnosed?

NPC is made based on a biopsy of the tumour in the nasopharynx, which shows undifferentiated carcinoma.

Who is at risk of NPC?

The risk of a family member getting NPC is higher than in one without a close family member with NPC.

What are the treatment options for NPC?

Treatment of NPC usually involves radiation therapy with possible chemotherapy.

For small recurrent tumours, minimally invasive surgery can be performed.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

You can search by -
  • Condition name 'Nasopharynx Cancer' AND
  • Institution
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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
  • NUHS Diagnostics
  • NUHS Pharmacy
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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