Patient Care

Mouth and Throat Cancers (Head & Neck)

What are Mouth and Throat Cancers (Head and Neck)?

This is a group of cancers which involve the lining of the swallowing and breathing passages. Specific cancer sites include the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, tonsil, mandible, maxilla, larynx and pharynx. The overwhelming majority are squamous cell carcinoma, which have a different behaviour when compared to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC).

These cancers are commonly associated with smoking and alcohol consumption.

What are the signs & symptoms ofMouth and Throat Cancers (Head and Neck)?

These cancers are presented as ulcers, pain or lumps in the above-mentioned sites, or dysfunction with swallowing or voice. ​​

Occasionally, they can present with ear pain due to the same nerve supply of the throat and ear.

How are Mouth and Throat Cancers (Head and Neck) diagnosed?

A large proportion of patients present with lymph node enlargement in the neck suggesting that the cancer spread were detected at a late stage.

What are the treatment options for Mouth and Throat Cancers (Head and Neck)?

Treatment modalities include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. The role of each depends on the tumour site, stage, the individual's overall health, and the chance of function (speech and swallowing) preservation.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
  • NUHS Diagnostics
  • NUHS Pharmacy
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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