Patient Care

Liver Cirrhosis - Surgical

What is Liver Cirrhosis?

It is scarring of the liver and poor liver function as a result of chronic damage to the liver. With mild cirrhosis, the liver can make repairs and continue its function in the body. However, with more advanced cirrhosis, more and more scar tissues form in the liver which cause the liver to gradually lose its ability to function normally.

There are many causes of cirrhosis. The common causes are chronic alcohol abuse, chronic viral hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, autoimmune hepatitis, cryptogenic cirrhosis (cirrhosis due to unknown causes), and inherited disorder such as hemochromatosis (abnormal accumulation of iron) and Wilson’s disease (abnormal accumulation of copper).

The less common causes include unusual reaction to some drugs, and prolonged exposure to toxins.

What are the signs & symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis?
  • Bleeding easily
  • Easy bruising
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Jaundice
  • Swelling of abdomen
  • Swelling of legs

There is often no signs or symptoms until the liver damage is already quite extensive.

How is Liver Cirrhosis diagnosed?

Liver Cirrhosis is normally diagnosed through:

  • Physical examination
  • Upper endoscopy (EGD)
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound
  • Computerised tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Liver biopsy
What are the treatment options for Liver Cirrhosis?

The treatment given is aimed at preventing further damage to the liver and to manage the complications of cirrhosis. If cirrhosis progresses and becomes life-threatening, a liver transplant will then be considered.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
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  • Alexandra Hospital
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  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
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