Patient Care


What is Gynacomastia?

Gynacomastia is the enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast. Newborns, boys going through puberty and middle-aged to older men are more prone to developing Gynacomastia as a result of normal changes in hormonal levels.

Results from an imbalance of hormone levels in which there is a decrease in the amount of testosterone compared with oestrogen (female hormones). This could be cause by side effects of certain medications, natural hormone changes and certain medical conditions.

Gynacomoastia is not a serious medical condition and may dissipate on its own.

What are the signs & symptoms of Gynacomastia?
  • Breast tenderness and or sensitivity
  • Swollen breast gland tissues
How is Gynacomastia diagnosed?

Gynacomastia can be diagnosed through:

  • Medical history investigation
  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Mammograms
What are the treatment options for Gynacomastia?

Most Gynacomastia cases will recover gradually over time without treatment. However, if Gynacomastia is a result of the side effects of certain medication, the doctor may recommend stopping or substituting the medication.

Surgery is seldom needed but please consult your doctor if you are concerned.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
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  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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