Patient Care

Congenital Heart Conditions (Newborn)

What are Congenital Heart Conditions in Newborns?

There are a variety of Congenital Heart Conditions. They can be due to wrong connections of major blood vessels coming out of the heart, abnormal openings between different parts of the heart (shunts), or blockage of normal blood pathways (stenosis).

Congenital Heart Conditions in Newborns are caused by abnormal formation of the heart structure when the baby is in the womb.

What are the signs & symptoms of Congenital Heart Conditions in Newborns?

Babies with Congenital Heart Conditions may be sick soon after birth, appearing blue around the lips due to inadequate blood oxygenation, or due to poor heart function. Others may appear well and may only be diagnosed during the doctor's physical checks. The most frequent sign is a heart murmur (extra sound heard using the stethoscope) detected by the doctor in the nursery, or at a routine check at about one month of age.

How are Congenital Heart Conditions in Newborns diagnosed?

Some parents may already know that their baby has a Congenital Heart Condition, as they have been diagnosed by ultrasound during pregnancy. These babies will be attended to at birth by the attending doctor and referred to the paediatric cardiologist after stabilisation.

Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart) will be done. Various blood tests and Chest X-rays may also be needed.

What are the treatment options for Congenital Heart Conditions in Newborns?

More serious conditions will require special medications, breathing support and urgent referral to cardiothoracic surgeons.

For other less serious conditions, the baby may be discharged and given a follow-up appointment. They may also be given oral medication.

If surgery is required, the baby will be cared for in the Paediatric Intensive Care or Neonatal Intensive Care facility after the heart operation.

Find A Doctor

Click here to access our Find A Doctor directory for a list of doctors treating this condition across our NUHS institutions.

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  • Condition name 'Congenital Heart Conditions (Newborn)' AND
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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
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  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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