Patient Care

Airway Anomalies (Children)

What are Airway Anomalies in Children?

Noisy breathing, feeding and voice problems often co-exist. They can be life-threatening, or may severely delay growth and development. Sometimes, underlying Airway Anomalies like narrowing and tumours may be wrongly diagnosed as asthma or recurrent infections.

How are Airway Anomalies in Children diagnosed?

A flexible nasoendoscopy is done to diagnose the site of obstruction in the clinic. Airway X-rays may be needed. A speech and swallowing therapist may need to conduct an assessment for related voice and feeding problems. A rigid bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia may be needed.

What are the treatment options for Airway Anomalies in Children?

Every effort to avoid an artificial airway opening in the neck (tracheotomy) should be made where possible, so that the child can breathe, speak and socialise normally.

Rib grafts, wire and silicone stents, and resection-anastomosis surgery are also available. Adults can be similarly helped.

A multi-disciplinary team (ENT, Respiratory, Surgery sub-specialties, Gastroenterology, Genetics, Speech and Swallow) should coordinate evaluation to reduce investigation time and optimise treatment.

Find A Doctor

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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
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  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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