Inborn Errors of Metabolism are a group of diseases which is inherited. The affected baby's body system cannot process normal substances present in milk and food due to lack of certain enzymes. Symptoms are caused by excessive amount of toxic chemicals in the baby's body.
Individually, an Inborn Error of Metabolism is rare. However, technology used for the screening test, called Tandem Mass Spectrometry, allows detection of more than 25 Inborn Errors of Metabolism. The chance of a baby having an Inborn Error of Metabolism is 1 in every 4,000 to 5,000 babies.
A few drops of blood are collected from the baby's heel before discharge for this screening test. If this screening test result is abnormal, baby will be asked to return for further tests and if subsequent results are very abnormal, the baby is referred to the paediatric metabolic disease specialist for further management.
Early detection will allow detailed confirmatory tests to be carried out. Treatment consists of special diets, supplements, and monitoring.