Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. People who have Bipolar Disorder can have periods in which they feel overly happy, elated and energised (known as manic episodes) and other periods of feeling very sad, hopeless or sluggish (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.
People having a manic episode may:
Between episodes, many people with Bipolar Disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms. Different types of medications that can help control symptoms of Bipolar Disorder include mood stabilisers, antipsychotics and antidepressants. Psychotherapy done in combination with medication can also be an effective treatment for Bipolar Disorder.