Congenital Surgical Conditions are associated with changes in the genetic material from parents (chromosomes), or due to environmental effects during early pregnancy. In most cases, the cause is unknown.
Malformations of organ systems occur in early pregnancy and may be diagnosed during pregnancy through ultrasound scans. However, other malformations may not be noticed till after the baby is born. Some malformations are clearly visible externally. Other malformations may not be detected until a few days later. For example, a baby with congenital intestinal obstruction may not be able to feed well, may begin to vomit, or have difficulty in passing motion after milk feeds are started.
Treatment options depend on the specific condition. In preparation for surgery, affected babies will need to be kept fasted, and an intravenous drip started to maintain hydration. Postoperative care will be required in the Neonatal ICU.