Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects an individual in the areas of social interaction and communication. ASD is also characterised by restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interest, or activities.
Parents may first note ASD behaviours in young children. Some behaviours may be recognised only at the school-going age. Not all individuals with ASD exhibit these behaviours, but most will display several symptoms. The two main domains of behaviours are characterised as "deficits in social communication and interaction" and "restricted/ repetitive behaviours".
Social communication / interaction behaviours may include:
ASD is a life-long developmental disorder. Currently, there is no known cure for ASD. Symptoms can be managed by early-intervention and remediation to help individuals be independent learners.
Symptoms manifest differently and vary in individuals. Hence, treatment plans need to be tailored to suit the individual’s and their family’s needs. In general, individuals with ASD respond well to the following treatment: