A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system - your kidneys, ureters, bladder and uretha. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. About five percent of women aged 15 to 65 years old have significant amount of bacteria (>105) in their urine. About 25% of women experience at least one proven recurrence of UTI within six months of the first attack.
A recurrent or repeated UTI is when you have more than three episodes of UTI in a year but it must be confirmed by urine tests showing:
Typical symptoms of UTI include painful urination, feeling urgent but passing small amounts of urine frequently and a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. Your urine may appear cloudy and even bloody.
Initially, UTI will be treated with a broad spectrum antibiotics which may need to be changed to the appropriate antibiotic after the return of the urine culture and sensitivity result.
To prevent UTI from occurring, it is important for the causes to be treated. Post-menopausal changes may be treated with local Premarin (oestrogen) cream and vaginal Vagifem (oestradiol) tablets to prevent vaginal dryness, painful sex and recurrent UTI.
If the cause of UTI is due to pelvic organ prolapse, it can be treated with pessary or surgery to prevent the occurence of UTI.
Patients with kidney and/or bladder stones, tumours and foreign bodies will usually be referred to urologists to treat their condition in order to prevent conditions such as UTI.
Treat a high and/or tight, painful and tender lower part of the entrance of the vagina with surgery by a minor procedure called Fenton perineoplasty.