The skin consists of different structural layers - epidermis, dermis, subcutis. Various types of cells such as the pigment cells (melanocytes) and glands (sweat glands) form part of the skin.
Skin Cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day such as your palms, beneath your fingernails, the spaces between your toes or under your toenails, and your genital area.
At a specialist visit, the doctor may ask you about your family history and conduct a medical examination.
Patient / Personal factors
The main treatment options are divided into surgery and non-surgical options. Treatment plans are tailored to the individual patient according to their medical profile. Most Skin Cancer treatments require only a local anesthetic and can be done in an outpatient setting. Sometimes no treatment is necessary beyond an initial biopsy that removes the entire growth.
Curettage and desiccationAfter removing most of a growth, your doctor scrapes away layers of cancer cells using a circular blade (curette). An electric needle destroys any remaining cancer cells. This simple, quick procedure is common in treating small or thin basal cell cancers. It leaves a small, flat, white scar.
Radiation therapyRadiation may be used to destroy basal and squamous cell carcinomas if surgery isn't an option.
ChemotherapyIn chemotherapy, drugs are used to kill cancer cells. For cancers limited to the top layer of skin, creams or lotions containing anti-cancer agents may be applied directly to the skin. Topical drugs can cause severe inflammation and leave scars. Systemic chemotherapy can be used to treat skin cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
Targeted therapy/Immunotherapy for certain advanced skin cancers