Drug treatments may include:
Corticosteroids nasal spray will be prescribed to reduce inflammation. This treatment may shrink or eliminate the polyps completely. If the nasal corticosteroid isn't effective, an oral corticosteroid may be prescribed, either alone or in combination with a nasal spray. As oral corticosteroids can cause side effects, they should only be taken for a brief period. A corticosteroid injection may be recommended instead or an oral corticosteroid.
Drugs to treat conditions that contribute to chronic inflammation in your sinuses or nasal passages may be prescribed. E.g. antihistamines to treat allergies, antibiotics to treat a chronic or recurring infection, or antifungal medications to treat symptoms of fungal allergies.
If drug treatment doesn't shrink or eliminate Nasal Polyps, surgery may be recommended. Surgery options for Nasal Polyps include:
Polypectomy can be performed to completely remove small or isolated polyps using a small mechanical suction device or a microdebrider - an instrument that cuts and extracts soft tissue.
Endoscopic sinus surgery will remove polyps and to correct problems with the sinuses which make them prone to inflammation and the development of polyps. The surgeon inserts an endoscope, into the nostrils and guides it into the sinus cavities. A tiny instrument is used to remove polyps or other obstructions that prevent the flow of fluids from your sinuses.
After surgery, a corticosteroid nasal spray is prescribed to help prevent the recurrence of Nasal Polyps. Use of saltwater (saline) rinse can help promote healing after surgery.