Lymphomas are malignant neoplasms (tumours that tend to grow, invade and spread) of the lymphoid lineage. A Lymphoma refers to a group of cancers of the lymph system which is part of the body's immune system. The immune system protects the body from foreign substances, infection and diseases. The lymph system is made up of lymph nodes, the spleen and the thymus (which produce and store infection-fighting cells) as well as other body areas that have collections of white blood cells within them such as the tonsils, stomach, small intestine and skin. Lymphoma affects a type of white blood cells known as lymphocytes. It occurs when lymphocytes grow and multiply uncontrollably.
Lymphoma can present in various ways which can make diagnosis challenging at times. There may be no symptoms or signs until the Lymphoma is quite large or has spread around the body.
Tests and procedures that may be carried out include the following:
The following are the treatment options for Lymphoma.
During treatment, follow-up care is essential. The follow-up routine will depend on the child's cancer and the treatments. Children under treatment may be followed up weekly to monthly.