The stomach is located in our upper abdomen and is part of our digestive system. It connects the oesophagus (gullet) with the small intestine. It acts as a food reservoir, mixes the food ingested, and secretes liquid substances that aid digestion. Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer) usually occurs when cells in the inner layer of the stomach wall grow and divide without stopping. Over time, these cells will form lumps called tumours and the cancer may invade more deeply into the stomach wall.
It is a common cancer worldwide especially in some Asian countries. There are several types of Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer).
Early Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer) may not show any noticeable signs or symptoms.
Below are some symptoms of Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer) although other conditions may also cause those symptoms:
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, the doctor may refer you to see a specialist after asking about your personal and family medical history and a physical examination.
The exact cause of Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer) remains unknown. However, it is known that a high-salt diet, lack of Vitamin C, and a bacterium named Helicobactor pylori are risk factors.
Certain health conditions may also increase the chances of stomach cancer, for example:
There are different treatments available for Gastric Cancer (Stomach Cancer) depending on the stage, type and the position of the cancer. Factors other than the stage of the cancer that might have an impact on your treatment decision include your age, your overall health, and your own preferences. The three main types of treatment include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.