The esophagus is the long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach, and it carries food to the stomach to be digested. The wall of the esophagus comprises of several layers of tissue, including the mucous membrane, muscle, and connective tissue. The esophagus and stomach are part of the upper gastrointestinal (digestive) system.
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, your doctor may refer you to a specialist after asking about your personal and family medical history and conducting a physical examination.
A hollow tube equipped with a lens (endoscope) will be passed down your throat and into your esophagus. Your doctor will then examine your esophagus for abnormalities or areas of irritation. Endoscope also provides the opportunity to remove a piece of tissue or sample (biopsy) from your esophagus. The tissue samples will then be sent to a laboratory to test for cancerous cells. Endoscopy ultrasound (EUS) is procedure that combines endoscopy and ultrasound to obtain images from your esophagus for investigations and staging.
The following individuals are at risk of Esophageal Cancer:
There are different treatments available for Esophageal Cancer depending on the stage, type and the position of the cancer. Factors other than the stage of the cancer that might have an impact on your treatment decision include your age, your overall health, and your own preferences. The three main types of treatment include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.