Asthma is a chronic disease in which the airways (breathing tubes or bronchi) are more sensitive and become narrowed due to inflammation. This makes it harder for air to get through and results in wheezing, coughing and difficulty in breathing. This can happen every week, during exercise, or occasionally, with the child appearing well in between episodes.
Symptoms include cough, wheezing (whistling noise in the chest), shortness of breath, and tightness of the chest.
The diagnosis of Asthma is based on family history and clinical examinations. Special tests may be needed to help in the further evaluation or management of your child's Asthma, such as:
If you do not hear any coughing or wheezing and your child is breathing comfortably, there is no need to wake your child from sleep for medications.